REFLECTIONS AND EXPLORATIONS ON THE DECREMENT REGULATION OF CONSTRUCTION LAND IN THE NEW BEIJING CITY MASTER PLAN
【Abstract】 Construction land in master plan is one of the most important issues for the transform of the national planning strategy. Based on the resources and environmental capacity analysis, the new master plan of Beijing focused on controlling of the population, and put forward the decrement development strategy of urban and rural construction land, to achieve the planning transformation from quantity expansion to quality improvement. In decrement development, the "decrement" refers to a more rigid bottom line, while the "development" refers to a more scientific resource allocation. The new master plan built a comprehensive regulatory framework and constraint indicators by controlling the land scale, building scale, spatial boundary, urban and rural structure, land structure, and spatial coordination for the long-term development of Beijing, and established a strict management standard by controlling the demolition ratio, demolition and construction ratio, employment and residential land ratio, " two lines and three districts," so as to explore the planning and management approaches of construction land based on the stockbased and decrement development. Decrement development is a major reform, the challenge of which is very big. For the implementation and management of construction land, Beijing master plan explored the ways of planning management, land policy, division of rights and responsibilities, assessment and supervision, etc.